Some years old but nicely explained 😀
Almost everyone has heard of Google’s MapReduce framework, but very few have ever hacked around with the idea of map and reduce. These two idioms are borrowed from functional programming, and form the basis of Google’s framework. Although Python is not a functional programming language, it has built-in support for both of these concepts.
A map operation involves taking a function f and applying it on a per-element basis to a given list L. For example, if f was the square-root function, then the map would take the square of each element in L. A reduce operation (also known as folding) is similar in that it also applies a function g to a given list L, but instead of isolating on each element, g systematically accumulates or collapses the contents of L into a single result. The canonical example of this would g performing a…
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